TEXAS – Court of Appeals holds that tax exemption for installation of solar device applies only to increase in property value due to solar panel installation, not the solar panels or equipment
MINNESOTA – Tax Court holds that pipeline valuations in Minnesota need not contain analysis and determination of a pipeline’s highest and best use
FLORIDA – Court of Appeal holds land leased from federal government but not occupied by or used by United States is not exempt from property taxation
- Supreme Judicial Court holds that highest and best use determination is a question of fact, not a matter of law, in upholding assessment of paper mill functioning on valuation date but closed soon afterward
NORTH CAROLINA – Court of Appeals holds partially constructed solar energy equipment was used “directly and exclusively for the conversion of solar energy to electricity,” and, though under construction, entitled to statutory exemption
ARIZONA – Court of Appeals holds that taxpayer failing to submit a timely personal property tax return forfeits its right to appeal the valuation, and it may not obtain the same relief through a claim for special action or declaratory relief
TENNESSEE – Tenn. Code Ann. § 67-5-501(10)(B)(iii), which classifies certain pipelines and other property as real property for purposes of classification and assessment, applies to pipelines located within easements
LOUISIANA – Trucks and trailers used by taxpayer to transport cut cane sugar to a sugar mill do not fall under manufacturing machinery and equipment exclusion and are subject to personal property tax
WISCONSIN – Court of Appeals holds that taxpayers must go to the Wisconsin Tax Appeals Commission before bringing a state court claim that the Department of Revenue issued an unpromulgated rule on a new personal property tax exemption
ARIZONA – Court of Appeals rejects Tax Court ruling that an electrical generating plant on land leased from a Native American tribe was a permanent structure subject to property tax
OREGON – Tax Court agrees with taxpayer that ORS 308.162 applies to preclude revaluation of pipeline system transferred because taxpayer acquired the entire centrally assessed “unit of property” from seller
NEW MEXICO – Power purchase agreements between wholesale electricity generators and customers are intangible property not subject to property taxation.
MISSOURI – Court of Appeals rejects appraisal utilizing all three approaches to value, and holds that assessors must use reproduction cost approach to value natural gas pipeline companies’ real and personal property.
LOUISIANA – Tax Commission properly relied on the purchase price of wells to establish their fair market value.
NEW YORK – Opt-out provision of NY Real Property Tax § 487 which exempts from taxation any increase in the value of real property by reason of the inclusion of a solar energy system for a period of 15 years must be filed with New York State Energy and Research Development Authority to become effective.
OHIO – Board of Revision considering assessment appeal lacks jurisdiction to determine ownership rights in real property.
NEW HAMPSHIRE – Transmission poles and conduits within land which becomes a public highway are subject to property tax whether or not they are subject to an agreement providing for payment of the tax, but guys and anchors are not taxable.
MINNESOTA – Tax Court has discretion to depart from default weightings to place equal weight on the cost and income approaches in unit valuation of petroleum pipeline.
SOUTH CAROLINA – Assessor’s use of third-party mailing service to deposit property tax assessment notices with United States Postal Service constitutes service on addressee and triggers statutory 90-day appeal period.
ILLINOIS – Tax abatement resolution to induce construction of power generation facility does not benefit subsequent property owner absent express indication that it runs with the land.
KANSAS – Property Valuation Division’s use of the minimum lease value for marginally producing gas wells causes an assessed valuation greater than the fair market value and violates the statutory directives to determine the actual fair market value rather than an arbitrary value for assessment purposes.
NORTH CAROLINA – Court of Appeals rejects taxpayer’s use of depreciation schedules based on market sales of comparable used equipment to value grocery store chain’s personal property.
MASSACHUSETTS – Thermal energy provider’s tax appeal dismissed for failure to file abatement application with City Assessors; protest letters accompanying quarterly tax payments deemed insufficient
HAWAI'I – County lacked power to redefine “real property” to include wind turbines for property tax purposes; wind turbines are not “fixtures” and therefore not otherwise taxable as real property
MISSOURI – State Tax Commission determines depreciation of natural gas distribution company’s real property based on evidence of actual physical depreciation and economic obsolescence, rather than relying on Commission's 2013 form recommending depreciation be calculated pursuant to IRS Publication 946
NEW JERSEY – Tax Court rejects taxpayer’s claim that highest and best use of watershed property was as timberland due to lack of sales demonstrating a market for such property
NEW YORK – Cell phone service provider’s cellular data transmission equipment (rooftop equipment and antennas) subject to taxation as real property under New York Real Property Tax Law 102 (12) (i)
MINNESOTA – Tax Court is obligated to follow administrative rule requiring use of income approach, rather than cost approach, in valuation of petroleum company’s pipeline system
LOUISIANA – Taxpayer’s failure to pay property tax assessments precluded any challenge to assessments in court
MINNESOTA – Tax Court improperly relied solely on recent sale price of property in IRS § 1031 like-kind exchange when determining value under sales comparison approach
MINNESOTA – Tax Court holds that Commissioner of Revenue had understated system and allocated valuations of crude oil pipeline based on cost and income approach analyses.
WEST VIRGINIA – Regulation authorizing use of annual average “Steam Coal Price Per Ton” and coal seam thickness averages for ad valorem tax valuation does not violate statutory requirement that natural resources property be assessed at its “true and actual value.”
ARIZONA – Supreme Court holds that Department of Revenue lacks statutory authority to value leased solar panels but remands on issue of whether they may be valued by county assessor and, if so, whether A.R.S. § 42–11054(C)(2)’s zero-value provision applies.
TEXAS – Separate appraisal for ad valorem taxation of saltwater disposal wells and the land on which they are located does not constitute double taxation, and different appraisal methods may be utilized for each.
ARIZONA – Amendment to statute governing valuation of renewable energy equipment which allows deduction of tax incentives from cost, enacted after valuation date but prior to date of final valuation, is not retroactive.
CALIFORNIA – Airport terminal lessee’s exclusive duty-free concession right is intangible right not subject to property tax.
MASSACHUSETTS – Letters that accompanied a thermal energy provider’s quarterly tax payments did not satisfy statutory requirement of filing an abatement application
MINNESOTA – Tax Court is bound by Rule 8100, which requires use of both the cost and income approaches in the valuation of utilities, including pipeline systems, even where the Tax Court believes it will result in an inaccurate valuation
ARIZONA – Court of Appeals holds that unless the Legislature indicates otherwise, the law governing the valuation method and classification of property for property tax purposes is the law in effect on the valuation date
NORTH CAROLINA – Equipment used “directly and exclusively for the conversion of solar energy to electricity” was tax exempt under N.C. General Statutes § 105-275(45), even though under construction
OREGON – “New property” exception to Article XI § 11 of the Oregon Constitution, which provides that the assessed value of a unit of property in any given year cannot exceed the previous year’s assessed value by more than three percent, does not apply to property previously subject to, but not subjected to, central assessment
OREGON – Department of Revenue erroneously relied on power purchase agreement that provided biomass cogeneration facility with revenues significantly in excess of what a purchaser of the property on the assessment dates would have been able to negotiate for electricity, capacity, and renewable energy credits, and erroneously considered intangible assets by valuing taxpayer’s entire property and business under the income approach, subtracting only an amount for working capital
INDIANA – Sales Price of Contaminated Property Not Reliable Indicator of Market Value where Evidence Did Not Show Property was Reasonably Exposed to Market at Time of Sale, Failed to Relate Sales Price to Appropriate Valuation Date, and Did Not Disclose Sale Under Duress
LOUISIANA – Pipeline Owner Failed to Show Tax Assessor Abused her Discretion in Finding Insufficient Evidence to Substantiate 85% Reduction in Fair Market Value for Economic Obsolescence of its Intrastate Pipeline
OREGON – Supreme Court Rejects Department of Revenue Valuation based on Power Purchase Agreement Favorable to Taxpayer that Erroneously Considered Intangible Assets by Valuing Taxpayer’s Entire Property and Business
MINNESTOTA – Tax Court Rejects Calculation of External Obsolescence of Ethanol Production Facility Based on “Inutility” and Operating Capacity in Arriving at Taxable Fair Market Value of its Assets
MONTANA – Supreme Court Agrees that Taxpayer’s Crude Oil Gathering Pipelines Were Misclassified by Department of Revenue
CALIFORNIA – Assessor May Assume that Option to Extend Lease of Federal Land Will Be Exercised in Valuing Leasehold for Property Tax Purposes